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СНО ГОУ ВПО НГМУ Росздрава - EstheticLife.ruРаздел: Английский / Темы
At the Dentist
At the dentist's office all the necessary instruments-dental mirrors, pliers, explorers, excavators, forceps-are sterilized and ready for use. When a patient enters the room, he is comfortably seated in the dental chair and the dentist asks what is troubling him.
If a patient complains of a mild toothache the dentist asks him to open the mouth, takes the dental mirror and an explorer and begins probing for cavities. When there is a cavity in the tooth it means the tooth is carious. Then, the specialist removers the debris and the decaying dentine with an excavator, cleans and forms the cavity with the drilling machine using special drills. If the cavity is not large, the tooth can be stopped with a permanent filling. If a patient suffers from acute toothache and severe pain irradiates to his right eye, the temple and the ear, the pulp has to be devitalized and extirpated. Then, the dentist may act in two different ways. Either he puts some arsenic paste on an opened pulp and stops the tooth with a temporary filling. In this case the patient has to visit the doctor in two days to complete the treatment. Or the dentist can give the patient an anaesthetic injection, carry out ail the necessary procedures and stop the teeth with the permanent filling. This method is convenient, but rather expensive too.
When the oral cavity of the patient is in bad condition, the necks of the teeth are covered with tartar, the gums are swollen and bleeding the dentist makes the diagnosis of gingivitis. He clears the teeth from tartar and makes the patient rinse his mouth with an antiseptic solution. For gingivitis the dentist usually prescribes antibiotics, a special mouthwash, vitamin C, and the person has to undergo a long period of treatment.
In all cases the patient is recommended to clean his teeth twice a day, to avoid certain food, to rinse his mouth after every meal, to visit a dentist once a year. If a person follows these rules of mouth hygiene he'll have his teeth intact.
Sterilize - стерилизовать
Remove debris - удалять осколки
Permanent filling - постоянная пломба
Irradiate to the temple - распространяться в висок (височную область)
Arsenic paste - мышьяковая паста
Temporary filling - временная пломба
Swollen and bleeding - распухший и кровоточащий
To undergo the treatment - проходить лечение
The rules of hygiene - правила гигиены
Plier - пинцет
Explorer - зонд
Probe - зонд, зондировать
Decaying dentin - разрушающийся дентин
Severe pain - сильная боль
To be devitalized or extirpated - девитализированный и удаленный
Anaesthetic - обезболивающее средство
Tartar - зубной камень
Gingivitis - гингивит
To rinse the mouth - ополаскивать рот
Forceps - щипцы
Gums - десны